Cotton Textile Mills


The textile industry uses a wide spectrum of fibers viz. cotton, jute, silk, wool, man-made fibers (polyester, viscose, nylon, acrylic, polypropylene) and blends of one or more fibers. Yarns are strands of fibers in a form ready for weaving, knitting or tufting to forma textile fabric.

India is 3rd largest producer of cotton but Africa is known as best cotton manufacturer in the world. Cotton in its raw form is white, fluffy and roughly spherical. It has to undergo following processes before it reaches consumer in the form of fabric.


After harvesting the seeds in cotton balls have to be removed and the process is called ginning. There are two types of ginning.

  • Saw Ginning
  • Roller Ginning

The ginned cotton is put into bales and supplied to "Cotton Mills". The cotton seeds are crushed to give cotton seed oil which is an important bye product.


Spinning is the process of drawing out and twisting cotton fibers into yarns. Baled cotton contains vegetable matter and it is removed by pickers through a beating process and feeding through rollers. Cotton in large bats is sent for carding where fibers are lined to produce slivers (a large rope of fibers) to facilitate spinning. A sliver has thin and thick spots, so the slivers are combined together to form a thick rope of cotton fibres and separated into rovings used in spinning.

Cotton yarn can be made into cloth by weaving or knitting.


Weaving is carried out on a loom. Yarns that run lengthways back to front are called warp. Yarns that run width ways using a shuttle are called weft. The cloth thus produced is suitable for making garments.


Knitting is essentially pulling one row of loops of yarn through another row. Common knitted goods are scarfs, sweaters, shawls, socks etc. A knitted garment will unravel easily if the top has not been secured. Knitted objects stretch in all directions unlike woven fabric.

Two common techniques are –

Processing / Finishing

Raw fabric has a grey appearance. Processing or finishing encompasses mechanical or chemical treatments performed on fiber, yarn or fabric to improve appearance, texture or performance.

Many finishing processes are applied to woven cloth viz. bleaching, stentering, calendaring, dyeing, stone washing and printing.

Garment Making

The transformation of fabrics into clothing and accessories is the final stage.

The atmospheric conditions – temperature & humidity play important role in manufacturing of cotton yarns and fabrics. The properties like dimensions, weight, tensile strength, elastic recovery, electrical resistance, rigidity etc are influenced by moisture regain.

Angelique undertakes projects and engineering services in setting up textile units in cotton, blends or Synthetics with its in house team of highly qualified and experienced textile professionals and engineers.

We provide all services including conceptualization, techno economic feasibility, design and detailed project engineering, selection of technology and machineries, modernization / technological up gradation (non - green field projects), technology transfer, machinery installation/ commissioning and training of personnel etc.